Making People To Know The Outside World

Arts & Humanities /Other - Arts & Humanities /NASA
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Arjun SIngh
Aug 02, 2021, 2:29 AM
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What is NASA?

We all are very well aware of the new development and technologies taking place in our surrounding.we know about the developments taking place in industry,agriculture,mass and media.information technology and other development at small and large scale.the development we should also be aware is regarding the processes and changes taking place outside our planet.there are numerous tests and experiments taking place in space which are helpful in dealing with complex human problems like dealing with deadly diseases like cancer.this whole research is handled by an organisation called NASA.the full form of NASA is National Aeronautics and Space Administration.this is the independent U.S based agency which is responsible for space program and space research.this agency was developed in 1958.This agency was to have a distinctly civilian orientation, encouraging peaceful applications in space science.NASA is also supporting other space programs among which the Orion spacecraft, the Space Launch System, Commercial Crew vehicles, and the planned Lunar Gateway space station are the one.


How was NASA established?

The U.S congress made a civil agency which will take care of all the developments taking place in space programs.this agency will coordinate in all the americans activities taking place in space.this agency was founded on 29 july,1958.NASA has since sponsored space expeditions, and have yielded vital information about the solar system and universe.numerous earth-orbiting satellites has been launched by it that have been instrumental in everything from weather forecasting to navigation to global communications.NASA established its first satellite called Sputnik on october 14,1957.this satellite was launched in response to soviet union.This satellite was of 183-pound, basketball-sized. This satellite orbited the earth in 98 minutes. The Sputnik launch surprised the Americans but also sparked fears that the Soviets might also be capable of sending missiles with nuclear weapons from Europe to America. The United States prided itself on being at the forefront of technology, and, embarrassed, immediately began developing a response, signaling the start of the U.S.-Soviet space race.


On November 3, 1957, the satellite named Sputnik II, which carried a dog named Laika was launched by soviet.In December, America attempted to launch a satellite of its own, called Vanguard, but it exploded shortly after takeoff. On January 31, 1958,america was successful in sending its first satellite in orbit of the earth.the name of satellite was explorer 1.this made things went better.In July of that year, Congress passed legislation officially establishing NASA from the National Advisory Committee for Aeronautics and other government agencies, and confirming the country’s commitment to winning the space race.then it was decided to mark history by landing a man on the moon.this declaration was made by President John F. Kennedy in May 1961.on july 20,1969 NASA created history when the first astronaut Neil Armstrong landed on the moon under the mission Apollo 11.after this NASA continued to make advances in space played a major part in construction of the international space also suffered some major setbacks like the Challenger space shuttle in 1986 and the Columbia space shuttle in 2003.



Achievements of NASA

NASA has achieved a lot,but there are some achievements that we need to mention.let’s have a look at these achievements.

  1. Apollo 11,walk on the moon-President John F. Kennedy announced to make the man land on the moon and the mission would be NASA's greatest achievement: America was going to the moon. In response, NASA initiated the Apollo space program and started to work for it.But Apollo 11 was the first mission to actually land men on the moon. When astronaut Neil Armstrong set foot on its surface on July 20, 196.There were five more Apollo missions to the moon. Only a dozen people have ever set foot on its surface. It's to NASA's enduring credit that every single one of them did so as an astronaut in the Apollo program. 
  2. The Apollo 8 mission-before the man ,NASA wanted to land the crew first on the moon.they want to know such technology which could help them in this.After an intense training period, the three men were launched into space on Dec. 21, 1968. The Apollo 8 mission had formally begun.the Apollo 8 crew reached their destination, entering lunar orbit on December 24. Millions of earthbound spectators were waiting to see their journey in a television first, the mission was broadcast live into households across the world. As photos taken from the Saturn V appeared onscreen, the astronauts set the mood for their Christmas Eve audience by quoting the Book of Genesis.
  3. The space shuttle- In 1972, NASA was doing some technological searching. For this research The Apollo rockets were single-use spacecraft.this was costing a lot.there was need of reusable spacecraft.A reusable spacecraft would not only save money, but it would also be an amazing technological advance.After President Richard Nixon announced the plan to build a reusable spacecraft that would run multiple.this resulted in indefinite numbers of missions, NASA developed the basic design: two solid rocket boosters attached to an orbiter module and an external fuel tank.there were many hurdles in the designing of this took nine years from the start of the project to the first flight. In 1981, the Space Shuttle Columbia lifted off and its maiden mission was successful. NASA had succeeded in creating a reusable spacecraft.


Benefits of space exploration

  1. The development of artificial satellite technology was a direct result of space exploration and space research. These satellites are used for a variety of applications including observation of both military and civilian agencies, communication,and weather monitoring. Space stations and spacecraft in orbit around the Earth are also regarded as satellites.
  2. Weather at different locations can be easily monitored.In addition to monitoring weather patterns for forecasting, which is extremely important for certain activities and industries meteorological satellites, pollution, auroras, sand storms, as well as snow cover and ice mapping. 


NASA has contributed a lot in understanding the world outside our planet. NASA's robotic explorers help scientists to gather data and understand how the planets formed,what processes have occurred and are active, and how Earth among the planets became habitable.


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